The Founding Fathers and the rural voter

(Remixed from source and source.)

The entire country was rural — including large states

(Image source.) Note the size of Virginia, North Carolina, and Georgia.

The example of London was important

(Image source.) “Mr. Gerry conceived it to be the genel. sense of America, that neither the Seat of a State Govt. nor any large commercial City should be the seat of the Genl. Govt.” — July 2nd, 1787 (Madison’s notes)

“Small states” are not the same as “rural voters”

Rhode Island: Small in every way, but dense. (Image source.)

What about slavery and rural voters?

“ Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.”


The U.S. Constitution wasn’t designed to protect the interests of rural voters, contrary to popular myth.

Dr. Tomas McIntee is a mathematician and occasional social scientist with stray degrees in physics and philosophy.

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