Samuel Miles is noted in many sources as the first “faithless” presidential elector. Although he had run as a Federalist, he voted for Thomas Jefferson instead of John Adams. A famous angry letter to the editor, written in the American Gazette in 1796, records one outraged Federalist voter’s sentiments:
Do I chuse Samuel Miles to determine for me whether John Adams or Thomas Jefferson shall be President? No! I chuse him to act, not to think!